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Reasons for conducting Coronary Bypass Surgery

by Soft2share.com

Coronary Bypass surgery improves blood circulation. The process redirects blood around a section of a blocked or partially blocked artery in the heart. The surgeon takes out a healthy blood vessel from the patient’s leg, arm or chest. Thereafter, he connects it beyond the blocked arteries.

This type of surgery is not able to cure the heart-block altogether but can ease the symptoms. The symptoms include chest pain and shortness of breath. If you notice such symptoms its time to consult with best cardiac Surgeon in Mumbai.

When done perfectly, CABG improves the functioning of the heart or it can even minimize the threat to life. 

Reasons for conducting Coronary Bypass Surgery

The Cardiac Surgeons in Mumbai might consider the option of CABG when

  • The patient has severe chest pain due to narrowing of arteries. It leaves the muscle short of blood while conducting light physical exercises.
  • Presence of several affected coronary arteries
  • The Left ventricle is not functioning properly
  • Blockage at the left min coronary artery. This artery is the principal supplier of blood in the left ventricle
  • While you have an artery blockage that hinders the perfect insert and inflate of a tiny balloon. This balloon is inserted during angioplasty to widen the artery.
  • The process of coronary can also be decided in case of a coronary heart attack while other attempts are failed.

What a patient can expect before CABG (Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting)

Before conducting the test, the doctor advises the patient to take a few tests. These may include several blood tests, an electrocardiogram, echocardiography, a chest x-ray, cardiac catheterization, and coronary angiography.

The doctor offers specific instructions regarding foods and drinks and medications. They also advise about the activities that are required to stop with immediate effect. Normally, the patient gets admission on the date of the surgery itself.

In case the tests thus advised proving the doubts of blockage in the arteries true, the doctor might instruct a straightway admission.

Things you can expect during surgery

The entire process of CABG is conducted by a team of medical experts. It is the duty of the Cardiothoracic or simply a Cardiac surgeon to perform the surgery. He gest support from a team of experts comprising an anesthesiologist who is an expert over the heart-lung bypass, perfusionist (heart-lung bypass machine specialist), other surgeons, and nurses.

Types of CABG

CABG can majorly be classified into two categories – Traditional and Non-traditional

Traditional CABG

The duration of the surgery, in this case, is normally three to five hours. The duration depends on the number of arteries require bypassing. The patient is put under general anaesthesia. Before application of the anaesthesia, the anaesthetist checks out breathing, heartbeat, blood pressure, and level of oxygen. Then, a breathing tube is inserted through the throat into the lungs. The tube is connected to a ventilator that helps the patient to breathe.

Medicines are used to stop the heartbeat and the Cardiac Surgeon in Mumbai gets a heart that does not beat. This helps him in getting the process done with more convenience. 

The process involves taking out of an artery from chest or leg and is prepared to use as a graft for bypass. 

After the surgery, blood flow in the heart is relapsed. Under normal cases, the heart starts beating on its own. Under special cases, mild electric shocks are required to apply for restoration of the heartbeat.

Non-traditional CABG

There are many sub-divisions to this category:

  • Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting: The bypass of a singular artery is done by this procedure. This is also called beating heart bypass grafting as the heart is not stopped. Use of the heart-lung bypass machine is also not required. The part where the bypass is done is steadied by use of a mechanical device
  • Port-access coronary artery bypass procedure: The process involves making small incisions in the chest. Artery and/or vein graphs are used in the process as a grafter. The process involves the use of a heart-lung bypass machine.

For more information on the best cardiac surgeon in Mumbai, contact Credihealth’s Medical Experts at 8010-994-994.

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