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Your 101 Guide To Sewing Machine Basics

by Soft2share.com

Sewing machines and consequently sewing has benefitted from the constant inventions. numerous sorts of sewing machines with different functions and capabilities have begun since the first almost crude sewing machine. But the essential use of a stitching machine remains an equivalent – to exchange the hand sewing efficiently. Yes, the stitching machine does it quite nicely.

How Does a Stitching Machine Work

You’ve got control of the operations by way of the pedal. The advantage of this pedal is that both hands are liberal to manipulate and move the material. A stitching machine sews when the highest thread and therefore the bobbin thread interconnects forming endless loops connecting fabric layers.

The upper thread and therefore the bobbin thread should meet exactly within the middle of the material layers for perfect stitching. The pedal of your sewing machine controls the motor speed so if you increase the quantity of pressure you set thereon the machine will speed up stitching and if you reduce the pressure on the pedal the machine stitching will slow the speed of sewing.

Types of sewing machines

Sewing Machines are often categorised into 4 basic kinds consistent with their operations.

  • Computerized sewing machines

This is the absolutely perfect model of stitching machine which has most of everything you would like. Most of the work is completed automatically and sewing is all the more joyous due to the graceful operations. They need touch screens and USB ports to input sewing patterns and embroidery designs. It can download patterns, memorize operations, perfectly synchronize speed and needle functions and provide precise stitching.

  • Manual sewing machines

This is the essential sort of sewing machine which you’ll operate with a treadle. You’ll find these machines within the vintage category and people who have them are fitting theirs with electric motors in order that they will keep the quaint sturdy workhorses at an equivalent time and work efficiently and fast.

  • Electronic sewing machines

These are more of an automatic version of the mechanical sewing machines with simple buttons and even LCD screens. They’re going to have convenient features like an automatic one-step buttonhole and different overlock stitches. They’re mostly automated with stitch lengths and width which may be set automatically.

  • Mechanical sewing machines

This is the foremost commonly bought sewing machine with knobs and dials to regulate stitch length and tensions. Most of them accompany buttonhole stitching, utility stitches and a couple of decorative stitches.

How to use a stitching machine

After the stitching machine table with the stitching machine is about up properly, take up the stitching machine manual which comes with it and skim it thoroughly to hide. It’s the bible you ought to always have at hand because everything associated with your particular sewing machine is mentioned during this. Study the various parts of your sewing machine and therefore the pressure feet and other accessories you’ve got with the machine.

Here are the foremost common parts of the stitching machine you would like to be familiar with:

  • Bobbins

Check out the stitching machine manual on the way to put the bobbin thread case in your particular machine. It’s important to never ever hurry when winding the bobbin. Go at a gentle and medium speed permanently winding. Winding the bobbin also is going to be different counting on the sort of bobbin case.

  • Thread

The good quality thread may be a necessity, not an option for permanent dressmaking. Basic knowledge of embroidery threads is important for smooth sewing. Suffice to mention different types of materials involve different types of stitching threads.

  • Needle

You also must know that sewing needles aren’t made equal. You ought to also have the skills to exchange the needle properly. There are different types of stitching needles available for various sorts of sewing/fabric. All the experts replace their needles after 6-8 hours of stitching with them. They do not want bad needles to destroy their sewing.

Most of the issues when working the stitching machine are often solved by correctly threading the machine. make sure that once you are threading the machine the presser foot is raised and therefore the needle is within the highest position. 

  • Tension

This is the balance between the upper thread and therefore the bobbin thread. If one is off the entire stitching suffers.

If the bobbin thread shows on the highest of the material or the highest thread show on the rear of the material it means the strain is off on your sewing machine.

You can check the strain of your machine by stitching a line with different coloured threads within the bobbin and therefore the top thread.

Also, confirm to familiarize yourself with these factors too: 

  • How to set sewing machine tension.
  • How to adjust stitch length and width.
  • How to reverse stitch in your machine
  • How to insert the bobbin.
  • How to wind a bobbin


This is all you need to know about sewing machine basics. There are no hard and fast rules. All you need is to learn a technique, master it, and then switch to the other. The more you practice with the machine, (either it is a sewing machine or an embroidery machine) the easier it will be for you to hone your sewing skills. If you have any queries or need advice about the topic or anything related to digitizing designs, feel free to contact us at Migdigitizing. 

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